Biography of Madan Mohan Malaviya

Madan Mohan Malaviya (25 December 1861 – 12 November 1946) was an eminent Indian educationist, freedom fighter, and politician who played a significant role in India’s struggle for independence and the development of education in the country. He was one of the founding leaders of the Indian National Congress and a prominent figure in the Indian independence movement. Here is an overview of his life and achievements:
Early Life and Education - Social and Educational Reforms - Bharat Ratna to Madan Mohan Malaviya
Biography of Madan Mohan Malaviya

Early Life and Education:

Madan Mohan Malaviya was born in Allahabad, British India, in a Brahmin family. He excelled in academics from an early age and pursued higher education at the University of Calcutta and later at the University of Allahabad. He became a prominent scholar in Sanskrit and other languages.
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Madan Mohan Malaviya’s Social and Educational Reforms:

Malaviya was deeply committed to social and educational reforms in India. He played a key role in establishing educational institutions, including the Banaras Hindu University (BHU) in Varanasi, which he founded in 1916. BHU became one of the most prominent universities in India under his leadership and a center for education in various fields.

Political Career of Madan Mohan Malaviya:

Malaviya was actively involved in the Indian National Congress and served as its president multiple times. He was a strong advocate for Swaraj (self-rule) and played a crucial role in shaping the political discourse during the freedom struggle. He was known for his moderate and conciliatory approach, emphasizing the need for Hindu-Muslim unity in the struggle for independence.

Bharat Ratna to Madan Mohan Malaviya

Initially, Madan Mohan Malviya was a supporter of the British government. Later on, he became a bitter critic of the government’s policy. Malaviya ji established Banaras University on February 4, 1918. Sanatan Dharma was given primacy in Hindu University. He was also interested in the work of cow protection. Malaviyaji’s contribution in the promotion of Hindi language is considered to be very important. 
Bharat Ratna to Madan Mohan Malaviya
The role of Malviya ji in promoting Hindi in Uttar Pradesh was very commendable. Malviya ji also had an inclination in journalism. He had edited newspapers like Hindustan, Indian Union, Abhyudaya. Malaviya ji wanted the welfare of Harijans. In short, he had sacrificed his whole life in the service of the nation, social reform, defense of religion. In renunciation he was like Mahatma Gandhi. He died in 1946 AD. The Government of India recently honored him with the Bharat Ratna on 25 December 2014.
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Freedom Struggle and Advocacy:

Malaviya was a vocal critic of British colonial policies and actively participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Civil Disobedience Movement. He used his influence to mobilize public support for the independence movement and advocate for the rights of Indian farmers and workers.

Madan Mohan Malaviya Legacy:

Madan Mohan Malaviya’s contributions to education and the independence movement are widely acknowledged in India. He is remembered as a visionary leader who worked tirelessly for the betterment of society and the empowerment of the Indian people through education. The Banaras Hindu University, which he founded, stands as a testament to his dedication to education and learning.
In recognition of his immense contributions, Malaviya was posthumously conferred with the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in 2015. His legacy continues to inspire generations of Indians, and his ideas about education, social reform, and national unity remain influential in contemporary India.

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