Biography of Kabir Das

Kabir Das (1440-1518) was a renowned Indian poet, saint, and philosopher, whose verses have had a profound influence on Bhakti movement in India. He is considered one of the most significant and influential poets in the history of Hindi literature. While specific details about his life are often clouded in legend and folklore, here’s an overview of the life and contributions attributed to Kabir Das:
Birth and Early Life - Philosophical Beliefs - Education - Legacy And Death of Kabir Das

Kabir Das Birth and Early Life:

Kabir was born around the year 1440 CE in Lahartara, near Varanasi, in what is now Uttar Pradesh, India. He was born into a Muslim family and raised by Niru and Nima, a childless couple who found him as an abandoned baby floating on a lotus leaf in a pond. Despite his Muslim upbringing, Kabir’s philosophy transcended religious boundaries.
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Philosophical Beliefs of Kabir Das:

Kabir’s poetry focused on the universal themes of love, devotion, humanity, and the pursuit of spirituality. His verses often critiqued religious rituals, caste discrimination, and social injustices. He emphasized the importance of direct connection with the divine and rejected the divisions between different religious communities.

Contribution to Bhakti Movement:

Kabir played a significant role in the Bhakti movement, a spiritual and social reform movement in medieval India. His devotional songs and poems were characterized by their simplicity and directness, making them accessible to people from all walks of life. He inspired people to seek spirituality through personal experience rather than rituals and external practices.

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Education of Kabir Das 

When Kabir Das grew up slowly, he realized that he was not much educated, he was completely different from the children of his age. His parents did not have the means to send them to the madrasa. From where did the thought of teaching Kabir come in the mind of the father who is worried about food every day. This is the reason why he could not get bookish knowledge.

Married life of Kabir 

Kabir Das was married to ‘Loi’, the Palita daughter of Vankhedi Bairagi. Kabir Das also had two children named Kamal and Kamali, while Kabir is considered a child celibate in the Kabir Panth, according to this cult, Kamal was his disciple and Kamali and Loi were his disciples.
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Thoughts of Kabirdas

The sarcastic attacks that Kabir Das made and declared himself to be virtuous and virtuous by all the sages, could not affect the lower class of the society due to its effect and were initiated into the modern foreign civilization and some people in Indian civilization and culture got a sense of true humanity. Message heard.
Rabindranath Tagore presented an English translation of Kabir’s speech due to his matching with Brahmo Samaj ideas and was also influenced by it for life. Kabir Das is mainly composed in sakhis and verses.
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In this his sympathy has come to the fore.
In the Sant tradition, the first saint of Hindi literature is Bhashta Jayadeva. This song is different from Govindkar Jaydev. Shenbhai, Raidas, Pipa, Nanakdev, Amardas, Dharmadas, Dadoodayal, Garibdas, Sunderdas, Dariyadas are the sadhanas of Kabir.
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Muslims performed the last rites of those flowers in a Muslim manner and Hindus in a Hindu manner. There is a samadhi of Kabir in Maghar, just like his birth, there is a difference of opinion about his death date and incident.
But most scholars consider his death as 1575 Vikrami (1518 AD), but later some historians consider his death to be 1448.

Literary Contributions:

Kabir’s verses were primarily oral, passed down through generations by word of mouth. Later, his compositions were compiled into collections called “Bijak” and “Granthavali,” which are considered important texts in the Bhakti tradition. His poetry was composed in a blend of medieval Hindi and medieval Punjabi, making his verses accessible to a wide audience.


Kabir’s influence extended far beyond his lifetime. His teachings inspired numerous followers and laid the foundation for the Kabir Panth, a religious community that follows his spiritual philosophy. Kabir’s verses have been sung and interpreted by various musicians and poets over centuries and continue to resonate with people seeking spiritual wisdom and universal truth.
While the exact details of Kabir’s life are often shrouded in mystery and legends, his profound impact on Indian culture, spirituality, and literature remains undeniable. His timeless verses continue to be celebrated and revered across the world.

Death of Kabir Das

Kabir Das gave up his life at Maghar near Kashi. It is believed that after death, a dispute arose about his dead body, Hindus say that his last rites should be performed according to Hindu rituals and Muslims say that according to Muslim rituals.
Due to this controversy, when the sheet was removed from his dead body, people saw a pile of flowers lying there and later half the flowers were picked up by Hindus and half by Muslims.  
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