Biography of Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964) was a central figure in Indian politics and the leader of the Indian National Congress during the Indian independence movement. He played a key role in India’s struggle for freedom against British colonial rule and later became the country’s first Prime Minister after independence. Here is a detailed biography of his life:
Biography of Jawaharlal Nehru
Biography of Jawaharlal Nehru

Early Life and Education:

Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889, in Allahabad, British India, into a wealthy and influential family. His father, Motilal Nehru, was a prominent lawyer and a key figure in the Indian National Congress. Nehru was educated in India and later attended Harrow School in England and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he studied natural sciences.

Political Awakening of Jawaharlal Nehru:

Nehru was deeply influenced by the freedom movement and the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. He became an active member of the Indian National Congress and participated in various agitations against British rule. Nehru’s eloquence and passion for India’s independence made him a popular leader among the masses.

Role in Independence Movement:

Nehru played a crucial role in the fight for independence. He advocated for complete independence from British rule and was a staunch supporter of non-violent civil disobedience. He was imprisoned several times for his involvement in the freedom movement.

Nehru as India’s First Prime Minister:

When India gained independence on August 15, 1947, Nehru became the country’s first Prime Minister. He held office from 1947 until his death in 1964, making him India’s longest-serving Prime Minister. Nehru’s leadership during the formative years of independent India was marked by his vision of a modern, democratic, and secular nation.

Achievements and Policies:

Nehru implemented various economic and social reforms, focusing on industrialization, agrarian reform, and the establishment of a mixed economy. He also emphasized education and scientific research, laying the foundation for India’s scientific and technological advancements. His government implemented the Five-Year Plans to promote economic growth and development.

Nehru’s Foreign Policy:

Nehru pursued a non-aligned foreign policy, advocating for peaceful coexistence and cooperation among nations. He played a significant role in the Non-Aligned Movement, which sought to remain neutral during the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union.


Jawaharlal Nehru’s legacy in India is immense. He is widely admired for his role in shaping the country’s democratic institutions, educational system, and economic policies. His birthday, November 14, is celebrated as Children’s Day in India to honor his fondness for children and his efforts to improve the well-being and education of young citizens.
Nehru’s contributions to India’s independence movement and his vision for a progressive and inclusive India continue to be remembered and celebrated in the country’s history and politics.