Biography of Guru Nanak Dev:

Guru Nanak (1469–1539) was the founder and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus, the spiritual leaders and teachers of Sikhism. He played a pivotal role in shaping the Sikh religion and its principles. 
Here is a brief biography of Guru Nanak:

Early Life:

1. Birth and Childhood:
Guru Nanak was born on April 15, 1469, in Talwandi, now known as Nankana Sahib, in present-day Pakistan. His birthplace is a revered Sikh pilgrimage site.
Early Life and Spiritual Awakening - Compositions - Community Service - Death and Succession of Guru Nanak as Nankana Sahib
2. Family Background:
He was born into a Hindu family, and his father, Mehta Kalu, was a village accountant. From a young age, Nanak showed a deep interest in spirituality and divine matters.
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Guru Nanak’s Spiritual Awakening:

1. Encounter with God:
Legend has it that Guru Nanak had a profound spiritual experience at the age of 30, where he went missing for three days. Upon his return, he proclaimed, “There is no Hindu, there is no Muslim,” emphasizing the oneness of God.
2. Teachings and Travels:
Guru Nanak spent the next several years traveling extensively to spread his message of oneness, equality, and devotion to God. He undertook four major journeys, collectively known as Udasis, covering various regions and engaging in spiritual discussions with people from different backgrounds.
3. Founding Sikhism:
Guru Nanak’s teachings emphasized the importance of meditation, selfless service, and devotion to God. He rejected rituals, caste distinctions, and idol worship. His teachings laid the foundation for Sikhism.


1. Guru Granth Sahib:
Guru Nanak composed hymns, which were later compiled into the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhism. The Guru Granth Sahib includes hymns by subsequent Sikh Gurus as well.

2. Musical Tradition:
Guru Nanak is also credited with the development of the musical tradition known as “Kirtan” in Sikh worship.

Community Service of Nankana Sahib:

1. Langar Tradition:

Guru Nanak introduced the tradition of Langar, a community kitchen that provides free meals to people of all backgrounds, promoting equality and selfless service.
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Death and Succession of Guru Nanak:

1. Passing Away:
Guru Nanak passed away on September 22, 1539, in Kartarpur, present-day Pakistan.
2. Succession of Gurus:
Before his death, Guru Nanak appointed Bhai Lehna as his successor, who became the second Sikh Guru, Guru Angad.


1. Founder of Sikhism:
Guru Nanak is revered as the founder of Sikhism and is often referred to as “Nanak Guru” or “Nanak Dev Ji.”
2. Universal Message:
His teachings emphasized the oneness of God, equality of all humans, and the importance of living a truthful and compassionate life.
3. Gurpurab:
Guru Nanak’s birth anniversary is celebrated as Guru Nanak Gurpurab, a significant Sikh festival observed with prayers, processions, and community service.
Guru Nanak’s legacy continues to inspire millions of Sikhs worldwide, and his teachings remain at the core of Sikh philosophy and spirituality. The principles he laid down continue to guide the Sikh community in their spiritual and social lives.
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