Biography of Gautam Buddha:

Gautama Buddha, also known as Siddhartha Gautama, was a spiritual teacher and the founder of Buddhism. He was born around 563 BCE or 480 BCE in Lumbini, in present-day Nepal. His life and teachings have had a profound impact on the world, and he is revered as the Supreme Buddha.

Early Life of Siddhartha Gautama:

Siddhartha Gautama was born into a royal family. His father, King Suddhodana, was the ruler of the Sakya clan. Legend has it that shortly after his birth, a sage prophesied that Siddhartha would either become a great king or a great spiritual leader.

Renunciation Gautam Buddha:

Despite his royal upbringing, Siddhartha was deeply affected by the suffering he saw in the world. At the age of 29, he left his palace and luxurious life in search of spiritual understanding and a solution to human suffering. He became an ascetic and practiced severe austerities for several years.


At the age of 35, Siddhartha attained enlightenment, also known as Nirvana, while meditating under a Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya, India. During this enlightenment, he gained profound insights into the nature of suffering and the path to liberation from it.

Teachings of Buddha:

After his enlightenment, Siddhartha became the Buddha, which means “the awakened one.” He spent the rest of his life traveling and teaching his insights to others. The core teachings of Buddhism, often referred to as the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path, revolve around understanding the nature of suffering (dukkha) and the way to end it.

Spread of Buddhism:

Buddhism spread throughout India and subsequently to other parts of Asia, including Sri Lanka, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, and eventually, other parts of the world. The teachings of Buddhism emphasize mindfulness, ethical conduct, and the development of wisdom.

Buddha Passing Away:

Gautama Buddha passed away at the age of 80 in Kushinagar, India. His death, referred to as Parinirvana, is an important event in Buddhist tradition. Buddhists around the world celebrate this event as a reminder of the impermanence of life.
Gautama Buddha’s life and teachings continue to inspire millions of people worldwide. His philosophy has had a lasting influence on various aspects of human culture, including art, literature, ethics, and meditation practices.