Biography of Firaq Gorakhpuri

Firaq Gorakhpuri, whose real name was Raghupati Sahay, was a renowned Urdu poet, writer, and literary critic in India. He was born on August 28, 1896, in Gorakhpur, British India (now in Uttar Pradesh, India), and passed away on March 3, 1982. Firaq Gorakhpuri is considered one of the stalwarts of Urdu literature in the 20th century.
Biography of Firaq Gorakhpuri
Biography of Firaq Gorakhpuri

Early Life and Education:

Firaq Gorakhpuri was a brilliant scholar from a young age. He completed his education in English literature from St. Andrews College, Gorakhpur, and later obtained his Master’s degree from Allahabad University. His deep interest in literature and languages, particularly Urdu and Persian, played a significant role in shaping his literary career.

Firaq Gorakhpuri’s Literary Career:

Firaq Gorakhpuri was a prolific poet, and his poetry reflects a deep understanding of human emotions and a keen observation of life. His poetry often explored themes of love, loss, and existential questions. He was known for his elegant and sophisticated style of writing. Firaq’s poetry collections include “Rooh-e-Sukhan,” “Nai Gul-e-Naghma,” and “Gul-e-Naghma.”
In addition to poetry, Firaq Gorakhpuri was a respected literary critic and essayist. He contributed numerous critical essays and reviews to literary journals, enriching the Urdu literary landscape with his insights.

Awards and Recognition to Gorakhpuri:

Firaq Gorakhpuri received several awards and honors for his contributions to literature. He was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award in Urdu for his poetry collection “Gul-e-Naghma.” He was also honored with the Padma Bhushan, one of the highest civilian awards in India, in 1968 for his exceptional contribution to literature.


Firaq Gorakhpuri’s poetry continues to be celebrated and studied in the literary circles of India and Pakistan. His work is considered a significant part of the classical Urdu literary tradition. His mastery of language and depth of thought have left a lasting impact on Urdu literature.
Firaq Gorakhpuri’s life and works are a testament to the rich cultural and literary heritage of India, and he remains an enduring figure in the world of Urdu poetry and literature.