Biography of Dalai Lama:

The Dalai Lama is a title given to the spiritual leaders of Tibetan Buddhism, and it is also used as a reference to the most prominent figure who holds that title. The most well-known Dalai Lama, as of my last knowledge update in January 2022, is the 14th Dalai Lama, whose birth name is Tenzin Gyatso. Here is a brief biography of the 14th Dalai Lama:
Early Life - Spiritual and Political Role - Exile and Advocacy - Teachings and Activism - Retirement of Dalai Lama
Biography of Dalai Lama

Early Life:

Tenzin Gyatso was born on July 6, 1935, in a small village called Taktser in northeastern Tibet. At the age of two, he was recognized as the reincarnation of the 13th Dalai Lama, Thubten Gyatso, following Tibetan Buddhist traditions. He was then given the religious name Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso.

Spiritual and Political Role:

Tenzin Gyatso was enthroned as the 14th Dalai Lama in 1940 and began his religious education and training. His dual role as the spiritual and political leader of Tibet was thrust upon him at a young age. He assumed full political authority in Tibet in 1950, when China’s People’s Liberation Army entered Tibet.

Exile and Advocacy:

In 1959, following a failed Tibetan uprising against Chinese rule, the Dalai Lama fled Tibet to India, where he sought asylum. He established a Tibetan government-in-exile in the northern Indian town of Dharamsala. From there, he continued to advocate for the autonomy and cultural preservation of Tibet while condemning human rights abuses in Tibet.

Teachings and Activism:

The Dalai Lama is a globally renowned spiritual leader known for his teachings on Buddhism, ethics, compassion, and inner peace. He has authored numerous books and gives lectures and teachings around the world. He is also a vocal advocate for nonviolence, human rights, and environmental protection.

Nobel Peace Prize:

In 1989, the Dalai Lama was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent struggle for the liberation of Tibet and his advocacy for a peaceful resolution to the Tibet issue.

Autonomy and Middle Way Approach:

The Dalai Lama’s approach to the Tibet issue is known as the “Middle Way Approach.” This approach seeks genuine autonomy for Tibet within the framework of the People’s Republic of China while preserving Tibetan culture and religion.

Retirement:

In 2011, the Dalai Lama formally retired from his political role as the head of the Tibetan government-in-exile. He handed over his political responsibilities to the elected leadership, while he continued to serve as the spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhism.
The 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, has had a profound impact on both the spiritual and political landscape of Tibet and has become a revered figure worldwide for his teachings and advocacy for peace and human rights. Please note that there may have been developments or changes since my last update in January 2022.