Biography of Dadabhai Naoroji

Dadabhai Naoroji (4 September 1825 – 30 June 1917) was a prominent Indian political leader, social reformer, and early nationalist who played a significant role in the Indian independence movement. He is widely regarded as the “Grand Old Man of India.” Here is an overview of his life and contributions:
Biography of Dadabhai Naoroji
Biography of Dadabhai Naoroji

Early Life and Education:

Dadabhai Naoroji was born in Bombay (now Mumbai), India, to a Parsi family. He received his early education at the Elphinstone Institute in Bombay. Later, he moved to England for higher education and became the first Indian to be elected to the British Parliament.

Political and Social Reforms of Dadabhai Naoroji:

Naoroji was a staunch advocate for Indian self-rule and the end of British colonial rule in India. He played a key role in shaping public opinion in India and England regarding Indian issues. He focused on economic issues, especially the drain of wealth from India to Britain, and highlighted the economic exploitation of India by the British colonial government. He also advocated for free primary education in India.

Theories on Economic Drain:

One of Naoroji’s notable contributions was his theory of the “drain of wealth,” which explained the economic exploitation of India by the British. He argued that India’s wealth was being drained to Britain, leading to economic impoverishment in India.

Political Career of of Dadabhai Naoroji:

Naoroji was elected to the British Parliament in 1892 as a Liberal Party candidate from Finsbury Central, London, becoming the first Indian to serve as a Member of Parliament in the House of Commons. He used his position to raise awareness about Indian issues and advocate for Indian representation in the British government.

Dadabhai Naoroji in Indian National Congress:

Naoroji was also a prominent leader of the Indian National Congress, serving as its president in 1886, 1893, and 1906. He played a crucial role in shaping the early direction of the Congress party and was a mentor to several future leaders of the independence movement.


Dadabhai Naoroji’s contributions to the Indian freedom struggle and his efforts to highlight the economic exploitation of India left a lasting impact on the independence movement. He is remembered as a pioneering nationalist leader who fearlessly fought for India’s rights and self-determination.
Naoroji’s legacy continues to inspire generations of Indians, and he is celebrated as one of the founding figures of the Indian freedom movement. His advocacy for economic and political rights for Indians laid the foundation for future leaders to carry on the struggle for independence.