Biography of Charan Singh

Charan Singh, also known as Chaudhary Charan Singh, was an Indian politician and statesman who served as the Prime Minister of India for a short tenure. He was born on December 23, 1902, in Noorpur, Uttar Pradesh, and he passed away on May 29, 1987. Charan Singh played a significant role in Indian politics, particularly in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Here’s an overview of his life and political career:
Biography of Charan Singh
Biography of Charan Singh

Early Life and Education:

Charan Singh was born into a farming family in a village in Uttar Pradesh. He pursued his education at Agra University and later studied law at Lucknow University. His experiences growing up in a rural agricultural environment deeply influenced his political ideology, and he became a vocal advocate for farmers’ rights and agricultural reforms.

Political Career of Charan Singh:

Charan Singh started his political career in the 1930s, becoming involved in the Indian independence movement. He was a member of the Legislative Assembly of the United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh) before independence.
After independence, Charan Singh served in various capacities in state politics. He held positions such as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and later served as the Union Minister of Home Affairs in the central government.

Charan Singh’s Prime Ministership:

Charan Singh became the Prime Minister of India on July 28, 1979. His government was a coalition government, and his tenure lasted until January 14, 1980. His term was short-lived, primarily due to the complex political landscape of coalition politics.

Agricultural Reforms and Farmer Advocacy:

Throughout his political career, Charan Singh was a staunch advocate for farmers’ rights and agricultural reforms. He worked to implement policies and initiatives that would benefit the agricultural community, focusing on issues such as land reforms, irrigation, and crop pricing.

Ideas of Charan Singh :

• Real India lives in villages.
• If we want to take the country then we will have to work for happiness … We all have to work for happiness. I also include myself in it … my associate ministers, everyone involved … we will have to work untill … then the country will progress.
• The nation can be completed only when its rural area has been upgraded and the purchasing power of rural area is high.
• The progress of the country is not possible till the economic condition of the farmers is not good.
• If the condition of farmers improves, the country will improve.
• The consumption of industrial products is not possible even after purchasing power of farmers does not increase.
There is no limit to the corruption that the people of the country will be corrupt, whatever country ever, whatever leader comes, no matter how good the program runs … those countries can not progress.
• Harijan people, tribal people, landless people, unemployed people or those who have less employment and 50% of the farmers in their country who have less than 1 hectare land … all these governments will have special attention.
• All backward castes, scheduled castes, weaker sections, minorities, scheduled tribes will be ensured complete security and support for their maximum development.
• The farmer is the owner of this country, but he has forgotten his power.
• The path of prosperity of the country passes through the fields and panches of the villages.


Charan Singh is remembered for his commitment to the welfare of farmers and the agricultural sector. His legacy as a champion of farmers’ rights has continued to influence agricultural policies in India. Several agricultural universities, institutes, and initiatives have been named in his honor, reflecting his significant contributions to the agricultural landscape of the country.

Death of Charan Singh:

Chaudhary Charan Singh died in 1987. On the banks of Yamuna in Delhi is his Samadhi which is known as Kisan Ghat. After his death, his son Ajit Singh was made the new president of the Lok Dal. With the help of this Lok Dal, his son is in the field of politics today. Many government institutions in the country are in the name of Chaudhary Charan Singh. Amausi Airport of Lucknow is also called Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport. In Meerut also there is Chaudhary Charan Singh University in his name.