Aurangabad – The Charismatic City of Bihar

Aurangabad, often referred to as the “Tourism Capital of Bihar,” is a historically rich city located in the state of Bihar, India. It is not to be confused with another city of the same name in the state of Maharashtra. Aurangabad in Bihar holds immense historical and cultural significance, making it a charismatic destination for travelers. Here are some key aspects that contribute to the charm of Aurangabad:

Historical Significance:

1. Buddhist Heritage: Aurangabad is renowned for its association with Buddhism. The city is home to the famous Vishwa Shanti Stupa (World Peace Pagoda), a Buddhist monument built atop a hill. It offers panoramic views of the surrounding landscape.

2. Piru’s Tomb: The tomb of Malik Ambar, popularly known as Piru, is an architectural marvel in Aurangabad. Malik Ambar was an Abyssinian-born military leader who played a significant role in the medieval Deccan region.

Architectural Marvels:

1. Bibi-Ka-Maqbara: Often referred to as the “Mini Taj of Deccan,” Bibi-Ka-Maqbara is a mausoleum built in memory of Aurangzeb’s wife, Dilras Banu Begum. It bears a striking resemblance to the Taj Mahal in Agra and is one of the prime attractions in Aurangabad.
2. Aurangabad Caves: These ancient rock-cut caves, dating back to the 6th and 7th centuries, showcase intricate sculptures and Buddhist artwork. They are significant archaeological sites in the region.

Cultural Heritage:

1. Ellora Caves: Although located just outside Aurangabad, the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Ellora Caves is a major cultural attraction. It comprises rock-cut temples and monasteries representing Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist art and architecture.

Local Cuisine:

1. Sattu: Aurangabad is known for its traditional Bihari cuisine, and Sattu, a flour made from roasted gram or pulses, is a popular ingredient used in various dishes like Sattu Paratha and Sattu Sherbet.
2. Thekua: A traditional Bihari sweet, Thekua, made from wheat flour, jaggery, and ghee, is a delicacy often prepared during festivals.
Festivals and Culture:

1. Chhath Puja: Chhath, a significant Hindu festival dedicated to the Sun God, is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Aurangabad. Devotees offer prayers and perform rituals at the banks of rivers and ponds.
2. Sufi Tradition: Aurangabad has a rich Sufi tradition, and various Sufi shrines and dargahs attract devotees and tourists alike.
Aurangabad’s cultural heritage, historical sites, and culinary delights make it a charismatic city in Bihar, drawing travelers and history enthusiasts from across the country and the world.