10 ancient universities of India:

India has a rich history of education and learning, with several ancient universities that were centers of knowledge and intellectual pursuits. 
Here are 10 ancient universities of India:

1. Takshashila (Taxila):

Location: Ancient Gandhara (present-day Pakistan)
Time Period: Estimated to be one of the oldest universities, dating back to at least 5th century BCE.
Notable Features: Renowned for its teachings in various fields such as mathematics, medicine, politics, and warfare. It was a hub for scholars from different parts of the world.

Takshashila - Nalanda - Vikramashila - Pushpagiri - Odantapuri - Valabhi - Kanchipuram University - 10 ancient universities of India

2. Nalanda University:

Location: Bihar, India
Time Period: Established during the Gupta Dynasty (5th century CE) and continued to flourish for several centuries.
Notable Features: One of the world’s first residential universities, it attracted students and scholars from across Asia. It had a vast library and offered courses in various subjects, including philosophy, astronomy, and mathematics.

3. Vikramashila:

Location: Bihar, India
Time Period: Flourished during the Pala Empire (8th to 12th centuries CE).
Notable Features: Known for its emphasis on Buddhist studies and philosophy. It was a major center for Tantric Buddhism.

4. Pushpagiri (Puspagiri) University:

Location: Odisha, India
Time Period: Flourished during the ancient Kalinga region.
Notable Features: Known for its association with Buddhist studies and attracting scholars from different parts of the Indian subcontinent.

5. Odantapuri:

Location: Bihar, India
Time Period: Established during the Pala Dynasty (7th to 12th centuries CE).
Notable Features: Known for its Buddhist teachings and was considered one of the major centers of learning in ancient India.

6. Valabhi University:

Location: Gujarat, India
Time Period: Flourished during the Maitraka dynasty (6th to 8th centuries CE).
Notable Features: Known for its studies in subjects like grammar, philosophy, and law. It attracted students from different parts of the Indian subcontinent.

7. Sharada Peeth:

Location: Present-day Azad Jammu and Kashmir (Pakistan-administered territory)
Time Period: An ancient center of learning associated with Kashmiri Shaivism and Hindu philosophy.

8. Vallabhi University:

Location: Gujarat, India
Time Period: Flourished during the Maitraka dynasty (6th to 8th centuries CE).
Notable Features: Known for its studies in subjects like grammar, philosophy, and law. It attracted students from different parts of the Indian subcontinent.

9. Kanchipuram University:

Location: Tamil Nadu, India
Time Period: Ancient city known for its association with various philosophical traditions and centers of learning.

10. Jagaddala Mahavihara:

Location: Present-day Bangladesh
Time Period: Flourished during the Pala Dynasty (8th to 12th centuries CE).
Notable Features: Known for its contributions to Buddhist studies and philosophy.
These ancient universities played a crucial role in shaping the intellectual and cultural landscape of ancient India. Many of them were renowned centers of learning, attracting students and scholars from different parts of the world.